Although the stages are not precisely tied to a particular age, there are characteristics that describe children at different ages.
Other infants constantly move their limbs arms and legs and may be restless in sleep. Some of these differences are due to family genetic factors, others to environmental factors, but at some points in development they may be strongly influenced by individual differences in reproductive maturation.
Others walk as late as 18 months and it is still considered normal. Exceedingly curious about people and surroundings; needs to be watched carefully to prevent them from getting into unsafe situations.
They also think with their senses and movement. Virginia Cooperative Extension materials are available for public use, reprint, or citation without further permission, provided the use includes credit to the author and to Virginia Cooperative Extension, Virginia Tech, and Virginia State University.
Every child has her or his own interests, temperament, style of social interaction and approach to learning. Children with Down syndrome sometimes have heart problems, frequent ear infectionshypotoniaor undeveloped muscle mass. Some children are active while others are typically quiet.
A passive infant withdraws from or is otherwise not engaged with a new person or event. They suck on their hands and toes and may seem to be fascinated with their own hands.
They respond to voices and seek to be picked up by reaching out.
Cognitive Development Cognitive development refers to the ways children reason thinkdevelop language, solve problems, and gain knowledge. Children learn through their senses and through their interactions with people and things in the world.
When normal reflexes are not present or if the reflexes continue past the time they should disappear, brain or nerve damage is suspected. This reflex peaks during the first month and usually disappears after two months. The startle reaction is usually crying. Also important to object permanence is the understanding that other people exist all the time.
Developmental change is a basic fact of human existence and each person is developmentally unique. We also need to adjust to the temperament of different children. For example, if an infant sees a toy on the floor, or his bottle on a table within reach, he has the motor capacity to move toward it and reach for it.
As infants master new developments in the motor sequence creeping and crawlingthey learn that they have more control over their world. By the end of the second year, infants can make simple vertical and horizontal figures.
A girl or boy with a disability needs lots of love and extra protection.
Climbs up on chair, turns, and sits down. In the course of development, then, the head grows relatively little, and torso and limbs undergo a great deal of growth. Infants will look around to locate or explore sources of sounds, such as a doorbell.A child's growth and development can be divided into four periods: Infancy; Preschool years; Middle childhood years; Adolescence ; Soon after birth, an infant normally loses about 5% to 10% of their birth weight.
By about age 2 weeks, an infant should start to gain weight and grow quickly. Patterns of Development Below is a list of the various patterns of development most frequently found in expository writing. Included are explanations and possible topics for each method of development.
Patterns of Child Development The various aspects of child development encompass physical growth, emotional and psychological changes, and social adjustments. A great many determinants influence patterns of development and change.
development of attachment between the mother and child, children learning to share, to assert, to take turn, to play with others; all reflect social processes. Love affection, liking-disliking, bellow- feeting all are social processes.
The early years of a child’s life are very important for his or her health and development. Parents, health professionals, educators, and others can work together as partners to help children grow up to reach their full potential.
The child's relationship to a trusting and caring adult is a foundation of emotional development and personality development. Furthermore, when a child has been neglected, rejected, and does not feel secure, he has difficulty developing skills to socialize with others.Download